Under Texas law, the property of an unmarried person who dies intestate passes to certain descendants, in an order of priority which is set by statute.
The relevant statute refers to property passing “in parcenary to the person’s kindred . . . [, and states that, in certain circumstances] the moiety passing to the decedent’s paternal kindred passes to the descendants of the person’s paternal grandfather and grandmother, and so on without end, passing in like manner to the nearest lineal ancestors and their descendants. . . .” Texas Estates Code § 201.001.
In similar fashion, the separate property and community property of a married person who dies intestate passes to certain descendants, in an order of priority set forth other statutes.
See, Texas Estates Code §§ 201.002, 201.003.
Ultimately, if there are no statutory descendants, the property of an intestate goes to the State of Texas.
“(a) If an individual dies intestate and without heirs, the real and personal property of that individual is subject to escheat.
(b) ‘Escheat’ means the vesting of title to property in the state. . . .”
Texas Property Code § 71.001.
“Okay, no problem,” one might say. “I’ll simply buy and download an inexpensive form from the Internet, fill-in the blanks, and be done. Problem solved; time to move on to something more important.”
But before heading off to that next, more important task, this person might want to consider the case of Ms. Aldrich.
Ms. Aldrich, a resident of Florida, created a Will by downloading a presumably inexpensive form from E-Z Legal Forms, an Internet legal forms provider.
Long story short, the E-Z Legal Form that Ms. Aldrich purchased did not contain all of the legal provisions that Ms. Aldrich needed.
After her death, the effect of the needed, but absent, provision of Ms. Aldrich's Will was litigated all the way to the Florida Supreme Court, which ultimately said:
“This unfortunate result stems not from this Court’s interpretation of Florida’s probate law[,] but [rather,] from the fact that Ms. Aldrich wrote her will using a commercially available form, an E-Z Legal Form, which did not adequately address her specific needs — apparently without obtaining any legal assistance.”
Aldrich v. Basile, Florida Supreme Court No. SC11-2147 (2014).
Ms. Aldrich’s “savings,” however, came at a very high price: When an Executor of a Will is forced to litigate in a trial court (and in Ms. Aldrich’s case, multiple appellate courts, as well) the validity or effect of a Will, the attorney fees that are incurred in representing the Executor are paid out of the assets of the decedent’s estate. Those payments of attorney fees, in turn, reduce the amount of the inheritances which ultimately are distributed to the decedent’s heirs.
The bottom line: Even though it may be tempting to purchase inexpensive legal forms on the Internet, doing so is not worth the gamble. Don’t be a “Ms. Aldrich.” Obtain the assistance of a trained, experienced, and competent attorney.